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How to write the thesis?

Writing the thesis is a complex job that requires patience and attention. This post does not have the ambition to teach you how to create a quality work or why it is important to dedicate the right time and attention to the elaborate, to which Umberto Eco has already thought of (and here you will find his book).

However, there are indications and good rules to follow that we know very well: every day we support and help students from all over Italy and from every faculty to pass the exams and prepare their degree thesis.

Are you in crisis with your degree thesis? Here are our guidelines and if you still have doubts, contact us and we will help you get started or complete your work!

Research and organization: first of all, agree the topic with the speaker. You will need to start with a bibliographic search to find the right material and plan the work organization. Ask your professor for reference texts, go to the library, read the bibliography of the reference texts indicated. Don’t forget to use the databases of your university (for example, ezproxy.unibo.it for the University of Bologna), a fundamental and too often underestimated resource. Even the web comes to our rescue: the search engine par excellence for academic publications is Google Scholar (which also shows you how to quote a text in the bibliography and who cited that same text in other publications), but also our website and researchgate are often a gold mine! Do not forget that some publishing platforms (one of all, JSTOR) give the possibility to read a certain number of free articles online.

Preparation of the worksheet: each work must follow specific rules. During writing it is normal to have messy text, empty or incomplete lines but our advice is to format the document from the beginning, setting in particular margins, line spacing, title formatting and subtitles. In general, it is always preferable to use a readable font such as Times New Roman, size 12 points, line spacing 1.5. It is often the same university that gives directions; make sure you ask your supervisor for this information.


it is the cover of your thesis and must have the information that identifies your work:

  • institution
  • department
  • subject of the thesis
  • thesis title
  • name of the candidate
  • name of the rapporteur (and of the co-rapporteur, if any)
  • academic year


is the list of chapter titles, paragraphs and subparagraphs, followed by the page number. The index serves to give a general picture of the organization of the contents. Almost always the index changes during work so don’t worry about any inaccuracies.


illustrates the choice of the topic and the hypotheses on which the work is based. In this paragraph you can explain the choice of organization and the composition of the following chapters.

Chapters and paragraphs:

this is the body of the text, the central fulcrum of your degree thesis. Don’t talk in first person, remember that the thesis must be an objective and impartial work, you must expose the hypotheses, the researches and the results in a clear and linear way.


it is the last chapter of your thesis and constitutes the answer to the hypotheses put forward in the introduction, commenting on the results.


they have a double function, on the one hand they serve to cite sources or add insights to the text, on the other they can send back to other sections of the text. The notes should always be inserted at the bottom of the page with a smaller font size than the text.

Bibliography and Sitography:

it is the list of documents and texts consulted for the writing of the paper. During the writing of the thesis, it is important to always point out a reference to the reference text so as not to be in difficulty in the final stages of thesis correction. An example of how to add texts to the bibliography: ‘Eco, Umberto. How to do a thesis: the humanities. Milan: Bompiani, 2012 ‘


once the writing job is completed, it’s time to read, reread and correct. From the menu bar of the program used for writing, enable the spelling correction that will notify you of any typing errors.

The degree thesis is all this and much more. If there is still something that is not clear to you contact us, we will be happy to help you! We can help you at any stage of your work, from the conception of the index to bibliographic research, from writing content to correction or translation. Good luck!

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